An F-15 pilot was departing Elmendorf Air Force Base on a stormy night with a formation of 8 total F-15s. He realized he had an instrument problem and was moments from crashing. This led him to a calm feeling as he sat and awaited his fate.
Resignation means giving up. This hazardous attitude is one of defeat and pessimism. It can turn a dangerous situation into a deadly situation.
Signs of Resignation
It’s not too hard to spot resignation if you know what to look for. If you find yourself thinking some of the thoughts below (in bold) then you are experiencing resignation to some degree.
- “I can’t fix this situation.” Wrong! You have the controls. You can absolutely change your situation at any time.
- “This is just bad luck.” Wrong! In aviation, there is no luck, you make your own destiny. Take action.
- “Someone else will make the decision.” No, you are the pilot in command, you are the one making the decision, even if you try to let someone else do it.
Don’t resign yourself to resignation
When you realize you are suffering from resignation, don’t resign yourself to your fate…..do something. You can always make things more positive for yourself by continuing to work at it. You are not helpless.
What happened to that F-15 pilot? He realized that he still had a chance to save himself, and he did! Read the full article about the F-15 incident here.
Many people are susceptible to air sickness. In fact, it is a common fear that people have about flying.
The reality is that air sickness can affect anyone. As a student pilot you may have felt naseaus or dizzy practicing ground reference maneuvers or steep turns.
As you gain more experience flying you tend to get used to it and naseau becomes more rare.
However, your passengers have not become used to it and could become sick even on the calmest of days. Here are some tips to handle this situation.
One of the best ways to keep your passengers from getting sick is by not mentioning it to them. Air sickness is often mental and it can be triggered by thinking about it.
However, you can look for subtle clues that someone is on their way to feeling bad.
- Are they talking less?
- How about their body language? Do they look frozen like they are trying to keep it together?
- Ask, “how are you doing?”, or “So what do you think of this whole flying thing?” to try to get an idea of their sickness without triggering it.
- Taking pictures through a camera can often cause symptoms so be especially vigilant if your passengers are doing this.
If a passenger reports that they are sick
- Give them a bag, just in case. You should always have a bag, but if you don’t then offer them the window.
- Tell them to look at the distant horizon. This can quickly clear up motion sickness and help your passenger to feel calmer.
- Get some air flowing. Open windows or vents and give them some fresh air.
- Fly gently. This is obvious but deliberately fly gently. If the air is bumpy use your turbulent air penetration procedure for best results.
- Land the plane. Get back to firm ground so they can get out and feel better….this flight is over.
I have been extremely fortunate in all of my time flying to never have someone throw up in the plane. I have flown with people who began feeling sick and the steps above always made my passengers feel better. However, if your passengers are suddenly feeling ok again, I do not recommend continuing the flight. It won’t take much for their symptoms to kick back in.
There is a fairly common illusion that can make landing more difficult at unfamiliar airports, especially at night. The illusion occurs because we tend to get used to a certain runway width.
When approaching a runway that is narrower than you are used to, you may feel like you are higher than you really are.
This happens as a simple matter of perspective. Your brain uses the size of common objects to interpret your distance to them. However, runways are not common because every is a little bit different. Your brain sees the narrow runway and thinks it is a runway of normal width, only farther away.
Of course, this can be very dangerous as you may contact the runway unexpectedly while you believe you still have some distance to descend. You may land in a flat or even nose down attitude. I have seen students suffer from this illusion many times. Typically, they realize it about one second before touchdown, when I grab the yoke and pull until the plane is in the correct landing attitude.
The illusion also works the other way too. If you are approaching a wider than usual runway it will appear to be closer than it really is. This is not as dangerous as a narrow runway, but still worth avoiding.
As I said above this illusion is far more common at night when it is difficult to see and the runway lights provide most of the information about your height.
How to avoid this illusion
There are several parts to avoiding this illusion.
- Briefing. When flying to any airport you have a duty to become familiar with all information relevant to the flight. This includes the width of the runways you expect to land on. Don’t just ignore this detail.
- Know the illusions. This illusion is very common at night. It is something you should be prepared for and looking for as you approach any runway at night, especially a narrow one.
- Correct immediately. If you believe that you may be experiencing this illusion during landing, correct immediately! Don’t wait to be sure. Just pull back on the yoke to landing attitude and either go around or touch down. If you were wrong, and you really are high above the runway it is often better to go around.
There are some simple rules governing the behavior of aircraft flying near each other. It is important to understand who has the right-of-way.
- An aircraft in distress always has the right-of-way. Any aircraft undergoing an emergency, or that appears to be in an emergency condition, should be given the right-of-way.
Continue reading “Who has the Right-of-Way?”
Parallax is a simple illusion that you need to understand in order to read your gauges correctly.
Flight instruments generally use pointers that indicate something based on their position over a card with the values printed on it. Continue reading “Parallax Illusion”
Night flying comes with a unique set of challenges and is completely different from daytime flight in many ways. This is especially true for light single-engine aircraft. One of the differences comes in the form of night noises. Continue reading “Night Noises”
A briefing is a short speech given to passengers so they understand:
- Some important safety information
- What is expected of them during the flight
Let’s start with what the law requires and then add to it: Continue reading “Handling Passengers Part 2: Briefing Passengers”